Quantifying the impact of various B2B marketing activities

Updated on
July 6, 2024

The challenge of quantifying the impact of various B2B marketing activities is indeed a prevalent issue. The "fog" of B2B marketing you described aptly captures the difficulty in directly linking certain marketing efforts to revenue. To address this, establishing robust frameworks and metrics is crucial. Here are some metrics and methods that can help illuminate the impact of harder-to-measure marketing outcomes:

Metrics and Methods to Measure Indirect Impact

1. Brand Awareness Metrics:

   - Direct Traffic Trends: Monitoring the trend of direct traffic to your website can indicate increasing brand recognition.

   - Search Volume for Brand Terms: Analyzing the volume of searches for your brand name or branded keywords over time.

   - Social Media Mentions and Engagement: Tracking mentions, shares, and engagement on social media platforms.

   - Media Coverage: Counting the number of mentions or articles in industry publications and news outlets.

2. Content Marketing Metrics:

   - Engagement Rates: Metrics like average time on page, bounce rates, and scroll depth can indicate content relevance and engagement.

   - Lead Quality: Evaluating the quality of leads generated from content marketing efforts, perhaps through scoring mechanisms.

   - Conversion Rates: Tracking conversion rates from content landing pages to see how effectively content drives desired actions.

3. Event and Webinar Metrics:

   - Attendance Rates and Attendee Feedback: Monitoring the number of registrants and attendees, as well as collecting feedback through surveys.

   - Post-Event Engagement: Tracking interactions with attendees after the event, such as follow-up emails, website visits, or content downloads.

   - Lead Generation and Follow-Up: Measuring the number of leads generated and their progress through the sales funnel post-event.

4. Podcast and Video Metrics:

   - Download and Listen Rates: Tracking how many times episodes are downloaded or listened to.

   - Audience Growth: Monitoring the growth rate of your podcast or video channel audience over time.

   - Engagement and Feedback: Collecting feedback through reviews, ratings, and listener/viewer comments.

   - Conversion Tracking: Using unique URLs or promo codes to track how podcast or video content drives traffic and conversions.

5. Customer Journey and Attribution Models:

   - Multi-Touch Attribution: Implementing models that account for multiple touchpoints in the customer journey to better understand the contribution of various marketing activities.

   - Customer Lifetime Value (CLV): Estimating the long-term revenue potential of customers acquired through different marketing channels.

6. Surveys and Self-Reported Attribution:

   - Customer Surveys: Regularly surveying customers to understand their journey and the influence of various touchpoints.

   - Self-Reported Attribution: Including questions in lead capture forms to ask new leads how they heard about your company or what influenced their decision.

7. Engagement and Interaction Metrics:

   - Email Marketing Metrics: Open rates, click-through rates, and conversion rates from email campaigns.

   - Social Media Analytics: Engagement rates, click-through rates, and the number of followers or subscribers gained.

   - Content Interaction: Tracking downloads, shares, and interactions with gated content (e.g., whitepapers, eBooks).

Frameworks for quantifying the impact of various B2B marketing activities

1. Setting Clear Objectives:

   - Define specific, measurable objectives for each marketing activity.

   - Align objectives with broader business goals to ensure relevance and impact.

2. Implementing Analytics Tools:

   - Use tools like Google Analytics, HubSpot, or other marketing automation platforms to track and analyze data.

   - Leverage CRM systems to integrate marketing and sales data for holistic insights.

3. Creating Dashboards:

   - Develop dashboards to visualize key metrics and trends.

   - Regularly review and update dashboards to reflect current marketing activities and goals.

4. Continuous Improvement:

   - Regularly review and refine measurement methods and metrics based on new insights and industry developments.

   - Encourage a culture of data-driven decision-making within the marketing team.

The obsession with ROI in B2B marketing can indeed be problematic when it is misapplied or overemphasized. While measuring return on investment is essential for assessing the effectiveness of marketing activities, it should not overshadow the broader objectives of building brand trust, fostering relationships, and ensuring long-term success. Let's delve into the issues you raised and how to apply ROI more appropriately in B2B marketing.

Issue 1: (Ir)Relevance

Companies allocate budgets to various activities that do not have direct or immediate ROI expectations. These investments, such as air conditioning, health insurance, and employee recognition programs, are essential for maintaining a positive work environment and fostering employee satisfaction. The underlying principle is that happy employees are more productive and contribute to overall company success. Similarly, in marketing, certain activities may not yield immediate ROI but are crucial for long-term brand building and customer satisfaction. These activities should be valued for their indirect contributions to business success, much like employee benefits are valued for their role in maintaining a productive workforce.

Issue 2: Inconsistency

Departments such as Sales often engage in activities that are not expected to produce immediate or direct ROI, like CRM implementation, business travel, and customer dinners. These activities are recognized for their strategic importance in building relationships and advancing sales opportunities. Marketing should be afforded the same consideration. For example, the ROI of a single white paper or podcast episode may not be immediately apparent, but the cumulative effect of these activities can significantly enhance brand awareness and customer engagement over time. It's essential to evaluate marketing activities with a broader lens, recognizing their long-term impact on business growth.

Issue 3: ROI vs. Relationships

In personal relationships, we invest time and resources without expecting a direct return on investment. This approach fosters trust and strengthens bonds, which are crucial for healthy and lasting relationships. In B2B marketing, building trust with customers and prospects follows a similar principle. Trust is cultivated through consistent and meaningful interactions, rather than one-time events. Marketing activities that contribute to building relationships should be valued for their role in establishing trust and loyalty, even if their ROI is not immediately quantifiable.

How to Apply ROI

Given the limitations of "performance marketing," which often focuses narrowly on short-term gains, B2B companies must return to fundamental principles, including building brand trust and long-term relationships. Here are some guidelines for applying ROI more effectively in B2B marketing:

Short-term ROI (In-market Buyers):

1. Demand Campaigns: These campaigns target buyers who are already in the market, seeking solutions. The ROI can be measured more directly through metrics such as lead generation, conversion rates, and sales attribution.

2. Channel-level Activity: Evaluate the effectiveness of a channel over a longer period (e.g., a podcast series over a year) rather than individual episodes. This approach allows for a more comprehensive assessment of the channel's impact on brand awareness and engagement.

Medium-term ROI (Future Buyers):

3. CP Brand Recall + CEP Association: Measure brand recall and customer experience perceptions (CEP) among Ideal Customer Profiles (ICPs). This can include surveys, brand awareness studies, and sentiment analysis to understand how well your brand is remembered and associated with positive attributes.

4. ICP Day 1 Shortlist:*Aim to be on the shortlist of potential vendors when your ICPs are ready to buy. This can be measured through buyer intent data, inbound inquiries, and RFP invitations, indicating that your brand is considered a top choice by future buyers.

By broadening the perspective on ROI and recognizing the value of long-term relationship building, B2B marketers can create a more balanced and effective marketing strategy. It's essential to blend short-term performance metrics with medium and long-term indicators that capture the cumulative impact of marketing activities. This approach ensures that marketing efforts contribute to sustained business growth and brand trust, rather than being narrowly focused on immediate returns.


By defining and implementing these metrics and frameworks, you can better demonstrate the impact of marketing activities that are traditionally harder to measure. This approach not only helps in justifying marketing investments but also in aligning marketing efforts with overall business objectives, fostering a more integrated and data-driven marketing strategy.

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